received her PhD from SISSA, Italy and did postdocs at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York and the Institut Pasteur in Paris. She is currently a postdoc at the Initiative for the Theoretical Sciences at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and a long-term visitor in the group at Penn. She has always been fascinated by the ability of living systems to adapt to changing environments. Her research is presently focused on understanding the principles shaping the survival strategies of bacterial behavior and, more generally, of unicellular organism. She has developed theoretical models that describe how bacteria modulae their size according to nutrient availability, and, more recently, how microbes can acquire adaptive immunity against phage infection.